The Republic of the Union of Myanmar

Central Bank of Myanmar

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1. The Union Bank of Burma was established on 3rd April 1948 by the Act of Union Bank of Burma 1947 and took over the functions of the Yangon branches of the Reserve Bank of India. It did not have the full power of a central bank. In 1st July 1952, the Union Bank of Burma Act was enacted. In accordance with this Act Burma Currency Board was abolished and the Union Bank of Burma Act, 1952, conferred on the Union Bank of Burma all the usual functions of a central bank. The Union Bank of Burma was opened at the corner of Merchant Road and Sule Pagoda Road and had a sole right of currency issue. It was transferred from the Burma Currency Board to the newly created Currency Department of the Union Bank of Burma with effect from 1st July, 1952.

2. The Union Bank of Burma was established with an authorized capital of 40 million Kyats and a paid-up capital of 10 million Kyats by the Government. The People’s Bank of the Union of Burma Act was enacted in 1967 and a monolithic bank known as the People’s Bank of the Union of Burma was established in 1969 with the initial paid-up capital of 200 million Kyats that was fully contributed by the State.

3. After Myanmar adopted the socialist economic system in 1962, all banks were nationalized. Under the People’s Bank of the Union of Burma Act 1967, a monolithic bank was formed. After reformed the administrative system in 1972, the Union Bank of Burma Law of 1975 was promulgated and the banking system was recognized. The name of the People’s Bank of Union Bank of Burma was changed to the Union of Burma Bank. Consequently, four banks, namely the Union of Burma Bank, Myanma Economic Bank, Myanma Foreign Trade Bank and Myanma Agriculture Bank had emerged. Accordance with the 1975 Bank Law, initial paid-up capital of the Union Bank of Burma was 200 million Kyats that was fully contributed by the State.

4. After 1988, Myanma economic system has been transformed from the planned economic system to market oriented system. To develop the financial system which is in line with the market oriented by the Government, and to promote the efficiency of financial activities, the Central Bank of Myanmar Law was enacted in 2nd July 1990. The Central Bank of Myanmar was established with the paid-up capital of 500 million Kyats and of which 200 million Kyats were fully paid-up by the State. According with the new government, was formed on March30, 2011, Central Bank of Myanmar have to become independently to laid down the policies. Central Bank of Myanmar needs to enact monetary policy independently to control the price stability in domestic market and to preserve the internal and external value of the Myanmar currency the kyat. According to the new law of Central Bank (Draft), Central Bank of Myanmar will set up with paid up capital of 300 Billion kyat and of which 100 billion kyat

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Weighted-average (WA) Market Exchange Rate

MMK per USD - Date: 19th March 2019

Reference Exchange rate
(WA market rate)
Interbank Market WA rate 1543.3
Bank-customer Market WA rate 1540.1
  • CBM announces daily Reference Exchange Rate every working day at 4:00 PM, based on deals between 9:00 AM and 3:00 PM.
  • Methodology on determination of Reference Exchange Rate is available here

MMK Exchange rate for other currencies are available here (

Interest Rate(%)
Central Bank Rate 10%pa
Minimum Bank Deposit Rate 8%pa

Maximum Bank Lending Rate (Secured)

Maximum Bank Lending Rate (Unsecured)




Economic Indicators (%)
GDP Growth 6.80 %
Annual Rate of Inflation 6.94 %
Year on Year Inflation 6.14 %

     Source : Ministry of Planning and Finance